What is the difference between a transcript and closed captions?

Closed captions are generated for viewers who have difficulty hearing or are deaf. Closed captions include speakers, sound effects and other effects which do not include speech. On the other hand, subtitling is for viewers who cannot understand the language spoken but can hear. There are no sound effects involved with subtitling.

The difference between SDH and standard CC is in the way words are formatted on the screen. Closed captioning is shown in white on a black background, while SDH is formatted as text with contrasting outlines. It is worth noting that HD formats such as Blu-ray discs only use SDH subtitles as they are unable to support the format needed for closed captions.

You can learn more about subtitles here.

What is the difference between closed captions and open captions?

Closed captions are displayed as an option - the viewer can turn them on or off. Open captions are burned into the media and are a part of the video or program, meaning they can’t be turned off.

What are the types of closed captioning?

There are a few types of Closed Captioning, and we can help you understand which is the best method for adding captions to your videos:

• Pop-On Center: In this method, speaker IDs is used to recognize who is talking and the captions are displayed in the center of the screen. This method is the best for offline documentaries, TV shows, music displays, or feature films.
• Pop-On Placement: In this premium form of video captioning, the captions appear directly next to the person or character who is talking, giving a clear indication of the source of the sound. Occasionally there might be simultaneous speech, and the captions can be used to differentiate speakers. It’s a great format for documentaries, or movies.
• Roll-Up: This form of captioning is the best for a smaller budget. It’s suitable for lifestyle shows, reality shows - any TV show which tends to have fast patterns of speech.

Do closed captions help with accessibility? How so?

The first goal of closed captions when they were created was to make accommodations for people with hearing disabilities, since more than 50 million people in the US alone are deaf or hard of hearing. Transcripts and closed captions are a great benefit for hard of hearing audiences for audio and video content, but many people that use closed captions are not deaf or hard of hearing. In fact, one study shared that up to 80% of viewers who use captions don’t have any hearing disabilities at all. Closed captions tend to improve comprehension and reduce language barriers for people who practice English as a second language (ESL). They also can make up for poor audio quality or distracting background noise, and allow the video to be used in sound sensitive environments like a cubicle or library.

How is closed captioning pricing determined?

As every project is unique, our pricing is dependent on your individual criteria and needs. Factors like timing and length of content are considered when determining price. Because of this, we advise getting in contact with our friendly support team to get an estimate. We have worked on every type of project so we’re experts at giving accurate project estimates and staying on budget.

How can a viewer tell if a program has closed captioning?

Since many countries currently have regulations around closed captioning to make content friendly for hearing impaired individuals, it’s typically safe to assume that regular television programs have closed captioning. To be sure though, viewers can look for a symbol such as a “cc” within a small television shape.

What is the difference between live captioning and pre-recorded captioning?

Offline (pre-recorded) captioning is the process that occurs once the recording has been completed. This process can take up to a few days to complete. Live captioning (also known as “real time”) is done by stenographers as the program takes place. The processes required are different and there are advantages to each.

Have any Questions?

We're here to help. Please feel free to contact our experts.

Contact Us